There are many different programs and techniques available to teach children early literacy skills. What is Jolly Phonics? How is it taught? Is it effective?
As children start formal schooling, learning to read and write is a fundamental literacy skill children must acquire. The dynamics of the content taught in classrooms have changed drastically over the last few decades. Phonics is the study of sound in a language. Children need to learn phonics so they can segment words into letter sounds for correct pronunciation. Because children have different learning styles and interests, it can be overwhelming for parents and teachers to understand which approach is best. Jolly Phonics is a popular program to teach phonics to young children in a more interactive way. Let’s break it down further!
What is Jolly Phonics?
Jolly Phonics is an interactive and child-centred approach to teaching early literacy concepts. The main philosophy behind this teaching method is that the sound of the letters is more helpful when learning reading and writing rather than the names of letters. There are many different characters, songs, stories and games to help students remember the letters more easily. Children don’t learn the alphabet in the order we know; instead they are taught 42 letter sounds.
Is Jolly Phonics good?
As acknowledged in an article by The Age, there is a strong need for students in Australia to be explicitly taught phonics, so it is easier for them to understand the relationship between letters and sounds.
Many case studies have shown evidence of improvement in children’s reading and writing abilities with the use of programs such as Jolly phonics. Jolly Phonics is effective because it uses a more child-centred approach to introducing phonics to children. Learning the correct pronunciation of letters can help give students a head start in reading, because children learn letter-sound knowledge to put words together. The repetition of the letter sounds they learn in Jolly songs, story books and other Jolly phonics lessons and resources can help students learn faster and more effectively.
Although this approach has some drawbacks, it is particularly beneficial for students who are not visual learners and need a more hands-on and multi-sensory approach to learning. When teaching Jolly phonics, you can easily integrate workbook writing with technology, music, and actions to further strengthen the children’s early literacy foundation.
What are the eight steps of Jolly Phonics?
When teaching children the Jolly Phonics programme, there are eight helpful steps you can use to assist students in remembering the sounds:
· Step 1: Read a story containing the sound
· Step 2: Demonstrate the action
· Step 3: Show the flashcard
· Sept 4: Introduce the letter formation
· Step 5: Blending the sound together
· Step 6: Sounding the letter
· Step 7: Dictation of the letter
· Step 8: Sing a song about the letter
How many sounds are there?
Altogether, 42 main sounds are introduced to the children by their sound rather than the letter name. The sounds are not taught in the standard alphabet sequence but instead in 7 different groups. The first group (s, a, t, p, i, n) are letters that can be combined together to create the largest number of simple three-letter words that we frequently use in reading and writing. Some groups also contain digraphs (two-letter words) like ‘ee’ and ‘oo’.
What order should I teach Jolly phonics?
The seven groups of letters should be taught in the following order so children can build and decode words as early as possible:
– Group 1: s, a, t, i, p, n
– Group 2: ck, e, h, r, m, d
– Group 3: g, o, u, l, f, d
– Group 4: ai, j, oa, ie, ee, or
– Group 5: z, w, ng, v, oo, oo
– Group 6: y, x, ch, sh, th, th
– Group 7: qu, ou, oi, ue, er, ar
How do you teach Jolly Phonics?
As children are introduced to the Jolly Phonics sounds, they should be taught various skills to help them decode words. Sessions should be short and fast-paced to ensure the students enjoy and engage with content without losing interest. Take the student’s cues and adapt lessons when necessary. If children are tired, simply practice some songs to memorise the letters and complete the writing later. If they are having difficulty learning the concepts, make sure you consider their age, developmental level and whether there may be any other learning difficulties to consider. When teaching Jolly Phonics it’s important to remember the following steps:
Teaching children the sounds of the letters rather than the name is helpful so children can actually understand the link between the sounds and the way it is written. For example, the letter n will be known as nn not ‘en’.
– Letter Formation
Children need to be taught how to form the letters whilst writing. They will learn to use the ‘tripod’ pencil grip in which the pencil sits between the thumb and two other fingers. Pencil grip is a crucial skill to help with the children’s evolving fine-motor skills when writing.
Children will learn how to blend the sounds together to build words. For example, ‘p’ + ‘a’ + ‘n’ = pan. By practising blending these high-frequency sounds, students will develop their reading fluency.
Children need to hear each individual sound that makes up an entire word. This is done by breaking the word down to write and spell it correctly. Segmenting is a skill that helps children decode and write sight words more effortlessly.
– Tricky words
There are many words in English in which the sounds and spellings don’t match. For example, “the” and “she”. These two words are spelled similarly, but the pronunciation is different. The children are taught these words separately and shown some strategies on how to remember their diction.
When should I start Jolly Phonics? What age?
Generally speaking, the Jolly Phonics program is aimed at children aged 4-5, but ultimately, it depends on your child and when they are ready. Some might be keen to learn, while others may show no interest, may have difficulty paying attention, or may not be ready. Many fun pre-learning activities can be done with children to prepare for the program, such as singing the Jolly songs or reading the stories.
Is there an app?
Yes, the Jolly phonics application is comprehensive and interactive, making it one of the top 10 educational apps. The app allows the child to follow each letter sound in the grouping sequence, encourages them to form the sound, play different games to recognise the sound and lastly, blend the sounds together to create simple words.
It’s important to note that solely using the app to teach children Jolly Phonics is not enough. The app is simply a means to consolidate children’s knowledge and demonstrate skills they have already learned. This paid app is available for both Apple and Android users.
Where can I buy Jolly Phonics?
The Jolly Phonics kits are readily available online. If you don’t want to buy the whole kit and want just the primary resources, be sure to check on Amazon. The set of activity books, readers and workbooks are available to purchase individually. There are also many other Jolly Phonics product ranges that you can buy as a set or on their own. You can also buy different sets at Officeworks and Modern Teaching Aids.
What are the advantages/benefits of using Jolly phonics?
- A systematic program that starts with easier sounds and progresses to more difficult ones
- An enjoyable, multi-sensory method of learning phonics
- 42 different letter sounds are taught in a specific order to ensure children can build words as early as possible
- Each letter is associated with a sound, action, song and storyline, making it easy to remember for students
- Children learn to put words together and read at a faster pace
- Multiple resources available to consolidate children’s knowledge
- Continues to teach grammar and other English rules for six years
What are the disadvantages of using Jolly phonics?
- Children learn the name of the alphabet letters at a later stage, as they must refer to them by the sound (not necessarily a disadvantage)
- Parents whose first language isn’t English may struggle to understand the program
- Initially, children spend more time decoding words rather than understanding the context and meaning of the words in stories
- Certain sounds have more than one way of being written, e.g. the sound ai is similar to a-e (gate) and ay (day), but the students will only be taught one form first, e.g. the word rain.
- The tricky words list doesn’t cover all the vocabulary in the English language which is difficult
Overall, Jolly Phonics is a fun and engaging program which teaches children about letter-sound relationships and develops their reading fluency. The advantages far outweigh any drawbacks; think of Jolly Phonics as the building blocks of reading quickly and fluently. Involvement of parents and teachers is the key to ensuring this program is effective. Whether you use the books, songs, actions, flash cards, or everything combined, the most essential thing is your child should have fun while they are learning these key skills necessary to learn how to read and write. If they enjoy and develop a natural interest, children will inevitably succeed. You can find out more details about the Jolly Phonics program by visiting the Jolly Learning website HERE.
Don’t forget, there are many things you can do to improve your child’s language and literacy skills – such as Storytime before Bed – you can read my article HERE on the benefits of daily stories with your child.
Have you used the Jolly Phonics program? I would love to know what you thought of it. Let me know in the comments below!